Health Promotion in the Workplace - 4th Edition
Michael P. O'Donnell, MBA, MPH, PhD
Completely Revised and Updated
Two new sections | Nine new chapters
From the Editor
Editor's Notes: January/February 2015
Michael P. O'Donnell, PhD, MBA, MPH
What is the ROI for Workplace Health Promotion?
It Really Does Depend, and That's the Point
Baxter and colleagues recently published a systematic review of the literature on the return on investment (ROI) of workplace health promotion programs. (1) I described their review as ‘‘the most thorough and rigorous systematic review of the literature conducted to date.’’ (2)
In summary, their ﬁnal analysis included 51 studies with 61 intervention arms, 261,901 participants, and 122,242 controls from nine industry types in 12 nations, with studies published between 1984 and 2012. The overall weighted ROI was $2.38 returned for every dollar invested, using the business method common in the United States (ROI = beneﬁts / costs). The 12 studies with randomized controlled trials (RCTs) had mean ROIs of $1.79, whereas the 5 studies with the highest related methodology scores had the lowest ROIs, with a mean weighted value of .78. The 30 studies using quasi-experimental design had a mean weighted ROI of 2.12, whereas those with nonexperimental design had a mean weighted ROI of 2.61. The highest mean weighted ROI (3.74) was found in the 25 studies that directly measured claims costs, rather than imputing them based on normal and customary charges or other methods. The authors reported 68 different mean ROIs to reﬂect weighting or unweighting of the sample, methodology quality rating, study design, location of the employer, year of publication, sample size, intervention focus, scope of the program, method to measure differences, source of the ROI calculation, direct or indirect measure of savings and costs, and method used to determine costs.
What’s Next for Health Promotion? What New Approaches Will Produce the Best Outcomes?
March 30 - April 3, 2015
Intensive Training Seminars: March 30 & 31, 2015
WELCOA National Training Summit: March 30 & 31, 2015
Manchester Grand Hyatt | San Diego, California
Featuring Keynote Speakers
Definition of Health Promotion
Health Promotion is the art and science of helping people discover the synergies between their core passions and optimal health, enhancing their motivation to strive for optimal health, and supporting them in changing their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health. Optimal health is a dynamic balance of physical, emotional, social, spiritual, and intellectual health. Lifestyle change can be facilitated through a combination of learning experiences that enhance awareness, increase motivation, and build skills and, most important, through the creation of opportunities that open access to environments that make positive health practices the easiest choice.